Hello beautiful people, Good morning, i hope we slept soundly. This morning i had to do some transplant at home, then i noticed this scented leave i know to be efirin(Yoruba)… My Mum is very fond of this plant, she does alot with it, then i felt there has to be more to this plant than what mum does with it.. . And i would like to share some of those things i gathered about it.. I present to you OCIMUM GRATISSIMUM.


Kingdom: Plantae

(unranked): Angiosperms

(unranked): Eudicots

(unranked): Asterids

Order: Lamiales

Family: Lamiaceae

Genus: Ocimum

Species: O. gratissimum

  • Binomial nomenclature

Ocimum gratissimum

  • About O. gratissimum 

Ocimum gratissimum, also known as

clove basil, African basil, [1] and in

Hawaii as wild basil, [2] is a species of

Ocimum . It is native to Africa,

Madagascar , southern Asia, and the

Bismarck Archipelago, and naturalized in Polynesia , Hawaii , Mexico , Panama,

West Indies, Brazil, and Bolivia. [3]

Other names

O. gratissimum is a common culinary herb in West Africa and is used by some in the Caribbean, going by many local names.

Ebe-amwonkho in Edo

Tchayo in Fon

Efinrin in Yoruba

Daidoya in Hausa

Nchuanwu in Igbo

Ntonng in Ibibio

Kunudiri in Okrika

Nunum in Akan

Nunu Bush in Jamaica (from the Akan language)

Yerba di holé in Papiamento

Fobazen in Haiti

Source: wikipedia


    Photochemical evaluation of this

    plant has shown that it is rich in

    alkaloid, tannis, phytates,

    flavonoids and oligosaccharides.

    It has tolerable cyanogenic

    content (Ijeh et al., 2004). The

    volatile aromatic oil from the leaves consists mainly of thymol

    (32-65%) and eugenol; it also

    contains xanthones, terpenes

    and lactones (C.N. Ezekwesili et al., 2004). Characterization of its

    ethanolic extracts revealed the

    presence of non – cyclic

    sesquiterpenes, phenols

    (Esvanzhuga, 1986)….credits: EFIRI EBI CHRISTOPHER. 


  1. Scent leave can be used to treat stomach ache , diarrhoea , chronic dysentry and vomiting. The aqueos extracts of the scented leaf/efirin can be taken to relief ear ache and colon pains . Scent leaf decoction is used in treatment of mental illness .

  2.  It is used in the treatment of fungal infections, fever , cold and catarrh .Squeezed efirin leaves are applied on the skin for treating skin diseases and ringworm. 

  3. The aqueous extracts of the scented leaf can be taken to relieve ear ache and colon pains .

  4. Congratulations to those that do have indigestions at night and those who would like to watch their weight,  Scent leave aids digestion. If you are the type of person that eats late at night, it is likely you will experience indigestion and bloating . Scent leave has immense health benefits such as easy bowel evacuation and weight management.

  5.  Scent leave can be used to treat oral infections.  scent leave/efirin will kill all the bacteria in your mouth and also prevent tooth decay and bad breath. 

  6. When left to dry and burnt , this leaves could serve as a mosquito repellent . It was very funny the very time i saw my mum used efirin as mosquito repellant, i at first thought it won’t be effective, but to my surprise it was… You can try this too, but make sure you don’t choke yourself up with it. 

  7. The stick of this leaf is being used by some people as a local chewing stick . This common among people in the rural area

Yeah! I think i should stop here, there’s more to this plant than i’ve written here you can drill more. Thanks




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